The Ebrington site was first designated for military use during the siege of Derry in 1689, with construction of the permanent barracks commencing in 1839 and completing in 1841. The original barracks were in the shape of a star fort and are laid out on three sides overlooking the city and River Foyle. The star fort is one of two scheduled monuments in the city, the other being the city walls. There are a total of 19 buildings of historical and architectural note, 14 of which are listed.
Within the Star Fort the former Parade Ground has been developed into a state-of-the-art multi-purpose public space and venue, and measuring over five acres in size it is larger than Trafalgar Square or Donegall Square, Belfast.
The public space will become a new cultural hub for the city and will host key events throughout the UK City of Culture 2013.